Modern floor coverings differ in purpose, structure, quality, installation complexity and its cost, durability and many other important indicators. That is why the choice of flooring is entirely determined by the specifics of the task, the capabilities of the customer and the design of the room. In this article, we will talk about the most popular types of flooring.
Laminate flooring (lat. Lamina – laminated) represents a further development of the idea of a parquet board but made following the most modern plastic technologies. Externally, the laminate completely repeats the structure of wood, and is almost indistinguishable from natural parquet, inside – it is a complex multilayer structure. The vast majority of models of the laminate produced today repeats the pattern of natural wood, less often – stone, ceramic tiles, etc. Laying a laminate is easy an is done without using the glue – laminate is just fastened using the groove-comb system. The laminate of good quality is relatively cheap and temperature or water changes do not affect it. Laminate does not scratch or wear, and is easy to wash. Laminate can be used for about 10 years. However, it requires special preparation of the base – to avoid deformation and the appearance of a creak, it requires a flat floor under it.
We know linoleum as a relatively inexpensive and practical floor covering. We also know that it is possible to lay it in the whole apartment within one day (it is important only before that to properly level and dry the base). Among other useful qualities of the material is the ability to dampen shock noise and waterproof the floor. Depending on the wear resistance, linoleum is divided into classes. For residential premises, it is better to purchase a class 23 coating, and for a kitchen or an entrance hall – a class 31. The so-called commercial linoleum, especially one that has a homogeneous structure, is most resistant to operational loads.
In the list of the best modern floorings, one of the leading positions is occupied by parquet board. Due to its composite structure (thin planks of expensive wood on a bearing layer of spruce or pine), this material is easier to install and cheaper than products from a block of solid wood. The parquet board is laid in a “floating” way, without glue and nails. Not so long ago, a serious competitor appeared on the floorboard – an engineering board. The carrier layer in it is plywood, which ensures the stability of the coating even with significant differences in humidity.
It is moisture resistant, hygienic, resistant to abrasion and chemicals. This is a traditional flooring in wet areas and hallways.
Today, the market offers thousands of ceramic tile designs. Floor tiles are distinguished from wall tiles by greater wear resistance and less water absorption. In addition, floor and wall modules often have a different format within the same collection.
Floor tiles are made of red clay and coated with a glaze, including one that provides an anti-slip effect. Ceramic drawings are created in various ways. The easiest way is to choose a collection that includes decorative elements. But if you want to create a pattern, you can layout tiles of different colours, formats and textures.